When puppies arrive to the family, we should not overlook a correct general review and in particular, the facial region, as it may present different malformations that endanger your life. Cleft palate in dogs, also called, is a congenital defect that can affect puppies. This malformation generates an abnormal communication between oral and nasal cavity. In this article of Expert Animal, we will know a little more about this congenital malformation, read on and discover what cleft palate is in dogs, the causes that cause it and the treatment to be applied, in some cases by surgery.

Dogs Causes and Surgery

What is cleft palate?

The palate is the anatomical structure that divides the nasal cavity of the oral cavity and involves different structures. When we talk about cleft palate, we mean an abnormal communication between the oral and nasal cavity, as well as the maxillary sinus. According to the affected structures, we will talk about two types of cleft palate:

The primary cleft palate is formed by incomplete closure of the lip and premaxillary causing the cleft lip, which may be unilateral or bilateral. It is important to note that the cleft lip does not affect the quality of life of the dog or the normal functioning of the affected structures, so the correction is considered purely aesthetic. The secondary cleft palate affects both the soft and hard palate and causes abnormal communication between these cavities and may be primary, in which the cleft lip or primary cleft is generated.

The consequences and problems it generates

Puppies affected by this malformation have respiratory difficulties and are unable to perform the vacuum in the oral cavity, so they are unable to carry out the suction in the act of suckling. By compromising the feeding of the dog, the cleft palate produces dehydration, delayed growth and difficulty eating and drinking. Aspiration pneumonias and rhinitis are common due to the passage of the alimentary content to the respiratory passages.

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When puppies arrive to the family, we should not overlook a correct general review and in particular, the facial region, as it may present different malformations that endanger your life. Cleft palate in dogs, also called, is a congenital defect that can affect puppies. This malformation generates an abnormal...